About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a country in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has one particular of the major populations in the environment. The country is an archipelago of a big team of islands surrounded by crystal distinct h2o and attractive and exclusive coral reefs. Of the seven,107 islands in the Philippines the major is Luzon, at one zero five sq. kilometres and just about fifty per cent of the islands in the country have names, and only 350 islands are larger than two and a half kilometres sq.. The tallest mountain vary can be observed on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the top of the mountain reaches about 2743 sq. meters. The tallest mountain peak can be observed on the 2nd major island in the country Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like quite a few other mountains in the country Mount Apo is an active volcano. Luzon is also the web site of the money of Manila the major and most significant Philippine metropolis. Manila has a port that stretches all-around Manila bay for hundreds of several years Manila bay has been the country’s coronary heart of shipping and trade. The Visayas make up the middle aspect of the Philippine islands. The major islands in the Visayas contain Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the country and the 2nd major island in the Philippines the island steps ninety four,seven hundred sq. kilometres.

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The islands

The Philippine islands had been shaped by volcanoes and are aspect of a mountain chain that is typically less than h2o. The inside of most of the islands have quite a few rugged mountains with dense rain forest and since of the frequent rain tumble there are quite a few rivers streams and waterfalls that continuously surge down the mountain sides. Simply because of the dense mountain rainforest and frequent rain tumble the Philippines is endowed with stunning sceneries within just the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls superb caves and rock formations. Sad to say a lot of the rain forest is disappearing right before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 about ninety per cent of the Philippine islands had been coated in rain forest. To day the country has shed shut to one particular-3rd of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been utilized and slash down for its timber and to distinct land for farms and residences.

The coastline

With about 7000 islands the country has a coastline line extra than 36,300 kilometres in size. The beaches and coastline may differ throughout the country are extremely sandy in sites such as Boracay which is famous for its attractive picturesque tropical white sand beaches. With tropical plants and palm trees growing on these superb beaches. On some island coastline lines are extremely rocky in place and in some sites you will discover gray white sand beaches and big inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos count on fresh h2o from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and personal day-to-day residing prerequisites such as consuming and washing. Pasig River is one particular of the major rivers in the country and flows via the money of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows via the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Simply because the country is sitting down on the pacific ring of hearth implies the Philippines have a lot of active Volcanoes. A person of the most famous volcanic eruptions materialize in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for quite a few hundreds of several years Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted extra than 1000 people today killed or injured and still left countless numbers of people today homeless. The explosion produced a huge ash cloud that coated extra than a hundred twenty five thousand sq. kilometres blanketing the space in ash rock and darkness. A person of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also known as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted 48 periods in the previous 400 several years. Mount Mayo positioned on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a national park in the 12 months 2003. The Mayo volcano is a flawlessly shaped cone that towers 2462 meters over the land. Mayon Very last important eruption was in February 1814, when it wrecked 3 cities and coated a different two with volcanic ash and warm larva about 1600 people today died owing to this eruption.

The Philippine Folks

For countless numbers of several years quite a few diverse kinds people today and nations have been aspect of the Philippines the outcome is a country and people today with a exclusive mix of quite a few cultures. About thirty,000 BC Stone Age people today settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the country was later joined by the Negritos that came throughout land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and hundreds of years latter joined by guests from Malaya India china and the middle east. Magellan was the initially European to established foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his gentlemen had been killed all through the struggle of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain recognized a permanent settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Relatives faith and instruction are extremely significant in Filipino tradition.

Weather residing in the metropolis or the country or on an isolated island relatives, faith and instruction are extremely really valued by virtually just about every one particular Filipinos have quite a few beneficial values such as regard for authority and a higher regard for the dignity of all the people today.


Most Filipinos hold strong spiritual beliefs they on a regular basis take aspect in spiritual ceremonies celebrate holy days with big festivals. The Spanish the place extremely effective in changing the Filipino to Christianity producing the Philippine the only Christian country in Asia Roman Catholic make up eighty five% of the inhabitants, 5 % of the inhabitants are Sunni Muslim’s the major no Christian team in the country. Most early Filipinos had been animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits known as anitos they thought theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Several Filipinos think in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic perception plays an significant aspect in the day-to-day existence of most Filipinos.The Philippine people today worship Christ mom Mary and other holy people today called saints quite a few Filipinos embellish their residences trics jeepneys boats educational institutions of visuals of Christ and mom Mary.

Nearby islands and china introduced Islam to the Philippines today there are a number of million Filipinos that stick to the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos observe Taoism which is a spiritual perception that originated in china the major Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino relatives

The Filipino relatives the fundamental models of the Philippine social firm which consists of the father the mom and kids the bilateral prolonged relatives which incorporates all family of the Father and Mother. Of specific significance the bond and unity shaped by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their relatives as a supply of toughness and security. It is not strange for single daughters and sons to reside at household with their parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The relatives are extremely shut and if someone needs aid many others chip in and do what they can to aid the relatives member in require. The father-husband is the head of the relatives and is normally unconditionally obeyed by his wife and kids. The father part and obligation is to fulfill the monetary needs of the relatives. The Filipino father is the principal supply of discipline in the relatives and from time to time employs corporal punishment on each sons and daughters even though corporal punishment utilized on kids in the Philippines is now bit by bit receiving utilized considerably less and considerably less owing to the Philippine modern society instructing and enforcing new values on boosting kids. The kids a lot of Filipino mothers pamper their kids these has the impact of prolonging the childhood of the kids they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood tasks and expectations are saved under the child’s probable this care and passion lavished upon the kids generates a experience of belonging and security. As a outcome the kids will generally lead to parent’s monetary aid and emotional aid and security. The traditional Filipino wife and mom take care of all the facts to make sure the relatives functions as a residing and loving organised relatives unit. The mom is in cost of the household and all the facts pertaining to the kids such as cooking the relatives food seeing the kids are clothed and ready for university the spending of income to the maids (ya -ya) and all other house charges. Unusual as it may possibly look females share equal place with person in Philippine modern society woman participation in expert work and politics is absolutely accepted this equality can be traced back again to historic Malayan custom.

Education and learning

Education and learning Filipino kids show up at 6 several years of elementary university and four several years of higher university. Courses are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys principal official languages. Additional than ninety% of all elementary show up at governing administration educational institutions. From June right up until March Filipino kids devote their days at university courses begin all-around eight in the early morning in the cities like Manila and from time to time all-around seven am in the rural locations right before courses begin the kids salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a extremely higher literacy rate which most people today in the country can go through and compose unfortunately owing to the higher unemployment rate and the small income paid to reduced class personnel such as farmers and labours some kids have to fall out of university to work and aid to aid their people and some kids show up at educational institutions that do not have ample university provides and gear such as textbooks desks and chairs and computers.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 diverse important dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass instruction of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino existence. English was introduced so diverse people today residing in diverse pieces of the Philippines could comprehend one particular a different. The American declared English the country official language all through the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine governing administration determined to exchange English with a language called Filipino also known as Tagalog the most greatly spoken Philippine language specially in the course of some of the important cities. Today Filipino and English are the country official languages. In diverse pieces of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can converse anyplace up to four languages and some periods extra specially the people today who have traveled and lived in diverse pieces of the country. For illustration theses Filipinos can converse the language from the space they grew up in and lived in as a kid they also can converse English and Tagalog and from time to time a different language that is native to the place they reside as an grownup or learnt as a kid. For illustration English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be four languages a one Filipino can converse.

The people today traditional residing

50 percent of the Philippine inhabitants reside in the country near mountains forest on compact islands or on the plains there are quite a few kinds of traditional residences Bahay kubo is a traditional rural household some time referred to as a nipa hut.The partitions and floors are produced from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and fatigued down to timber or bamboo to sort the roof. Other people today in the country facet reside in picket household and other low cost timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The extra wealthy country Filipino reside in a larger sized extravagant modern household and residences are produced from cement bricks and cement.On a lot of Little Island and country locations the household has one particular principal place with a couple of items of furnishings and mats on the floor the place the relatives sleeps.The kitchen area is normally in a different place with a wood burning stove and from time to time a compact fuel stove relying on how isolated the relatives is from the closest town. In the larger sized country cities quite a few of the native residences have electrical energy and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are rare in compact villages even though now extra and extra Little Islands and villages are receiving electrical energy but there is even now a lot of villages that do not. The Philippine people today that reside in an space that does not have electrical energy or indoor plumbing acquire h2o from a group properly and melt away kerosene lamps for lights in the night

The people’s transportation

The initially people today who migrated to the Philippine islands utilized barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the most effective implies of transportation of superior and goods from island to a different people today also count on these ships as ferries since the value of a aircraft ticket are extremely highly-priced for the lower profits people. Banca a narrow picket boat with an out boat motor connected to the back again. The boat has picket and bamboo frames extending from each sides of the boats that functionality like platoons stopping the boat from tipping about or capsizing. Early Filipinos utilized these compact boats to trade and get provides from neighboring islands.The larger sized banca boats are primarily utilized as people today ferries and big industrial fishing boats.The lesser banca boats are utilized for lesser journeys in calmer h2o. A traditional sort of transportation is the pedicabs a tricycle with a facet cart this sort of transportation are even now preferred in some country cities and provinces specially on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the road evidence of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a compact bus produced from jeeps still left at the rear of by the US army. The jeeps the place transformed in to busses painted in vivid glowing flamboyant colours and designs and embellished with mirrors multi-coloured lights and spiritual icons. The jeepney lesser brother the stainless metal jeep was produced and created for simple factors fisherman complained that seawater and the atmosphere was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and created the initially jeep the jeep involves considerably less servicing since it is complicated and does not rust. The jeep is an excellent Philippine vehicle since they are tailored to the exclusive Philippine climate specially from the harsh salt air and the unpredictable weather conditions.